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Notable Publications


Selected Publications

Below is an index of a selected list of important publications by Dr. Ed Diener.

Index of Topics:

A. General Readings on Subjective Well-Being

B. Measuring Happiness

C. Culture and Subjective Well-Being

D. Outcomes of Happiness

E. Income and Subjective Well-Being

F. Personality and Subjective Well-Being

G. Other Theoretical Work on Subjective Well-Being

H. Additional Intriguing Findings

There are other topics covered in Dienerís publications, which are not included in this review, but which can be found in his vita: subjective well-being and age, sex, religion, and so forth.


A. General Readings on Subjective Well-Being

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Diener, E., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2008). The science of optimal happiness. Boston: Blackwell Publishing.




Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin,95, 542-575.


Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. E. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three

decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276-302.


Myers, D. G., & Diener, E. (1995). Who is happy? Psychological Science, 6, 10-19.


Kahneman, D., Diener, E., & Schwarz, N. (Eds.).(1999). Well-being: The foundations

of hedonic psychology. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.


Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness, and a proposal for national index. American Psychologist, 55, 34-43.


Diener, E., Lucas, R.E., & Schimmack, U. (2008). National Accounts of Well-Being. Oxford,

UK: Oxford University Press.


B. Measuring Happiness

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Pavot, W., & Diener, (1993). Review of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Personality Assessmen, 5, 164-172.


Diener, E., & Lucas, R. (in preparation). Well-being. In C. Spielberger (Ed.)., Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology


Larsen, R. J., Diener, E., and Lucas, R. (2002). Emotion: Models, measures, and individual

differences. In R. Lord, R. Klimoski, and R Kanfer (Eds.), Emotions at work (pp. 64-106). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


Pavot, W. & Diener, E. (2003). Well-being (Including life satisfaction). Encyclopedia of psychological assessment, Vol. 2


Diener, E., Tamir, M., Kim-Prieto, C., Scollon, C. N., & Diener, M. (2003). A time sequential

theory of subjective well-being and ill-being. Submitted to Personality and Social Psychology Review


Diener, E. (1994). Assessing subjective well-being: Progress and opportunities. Social Indicators Research, 31, 103-157.


Scollon, C. N., Kim-Prieto, C., & Diener, E. (in press). Strengths and weaknesses of the experience sampling technique. Journal of Happiness Studies


Pavot, W., Diener, E., & Suh, E. (1998). The Temporal Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 70, 340-354.


Sandvik, E., Diener, E., & Seidlitz, L. (1993). Subjective well-being: The convergence and

stability of self-report and non-self-report measures. Journal of Personality, 61, 317-342.


C. Culture and Subjective Well-Being

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Tov, W., & Diener, E. (2007; in press). The well-being of nations: Linking together trust,

cooperation, and democracy. In B.A. Sullivan, M. Snyder, & J.L.Sullivan (Eds.) Cooperation: The psychology of effective human interaction. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.


Diener, E., & Tov, W. (in press). Happiness and peace. Journal of Social Issues.


Diener, E., & Tov, W. (in press). Culture and subjective well-being. In S. Kitayama & D. Cohen (Eds.). Handbook of cultural psychology. New York: Guilford


Diener, E., & Suh, E. M. (Eds.). (2000). Culture and subjective well-being Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


Diener, E., Oishi, S., & Lucas, R. E. (2003). Personality, culture, and subjective well-being:

Emotional and cognitive evaluations of life. Annual Review of Psychology, 2003, 54, 403-425.


Eid. M. & Diener, E. (2001). Norms for experiencing emotions in different cultures: Inter-

and intranational differences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 869-885.


Diener, E., & Diener, M. (1995). Cross-cultural correlates of life satisfaction and self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 653-663


Diener, E., Diener, M., & Diener, C. (1995). Factors predicting the subjective well-being of nations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 851-864


Oishi, S., & Diener, E. (2001). Goals, culture, and subjective well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 1674-1682.


Oishi, S., & Diener, E. (in press). Culture and well-being: The cycle of action, evaluation, and decision. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.


D. Outcomes of Happiness<

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Oishi, S., Diener, E., & Lucas, R.E. (in press). The optimum level of well-being: Can people be too happy?. Perspectives onPsychological Science.


Diener, E., Nickerson, C., Lucas, R. E., & Sandvik, E. (2002). Dispositional affect and job outcomes. Social Indicators Research, 59, 229-259.


Lyubomirsky, S., King, L., & Diener, E. (2002). Happiness is a good thing: A theory of the benefits of positive affect. To be submitted to Psychological Review.


Lucas, R. E., & Diener, E. (2003). The happy worker: Hypotheses about the role of positive

affect in worker productivity. In A. M. Ryan and M. Barrick (Eds.) Personality and work (pp. 30-59). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


E. Income and Subjective Well-Being

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Diener, E., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2002). Will money increase subjective well-being? A

literature review and guide to needed research. Social Indicators Research, 57, 119-169


Diener, E., & Oishi, S. (2000). Money and happiness: Income and subjective well-being

across nations. In E. Diener & E. M. Suh (Eds.). Culture and subjective well-being (pp. 185-218). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


Clark, A. E., Georgellis, Y., Lucas, R. E., & Diener, E. (in press, 2004). Unemployment alters the set-point for life satisfaction. Psychological Science.


Diener, E., & Diener, C. (1995). The wealth of nations revisited: Income and quality of life. Social Indicators Research, 36,275-286.


Diener, E., Sandvik, E., Seidlitz, L., & Diener, M. (1993). The relationship between income and

subjective well-being: Relative or absolute? Social Indicators Research, 28, 195-223.


Diener, E., Horwitz, J., & Emmons, R. A. (1985). Happiness of the very wealthy. Social Indicators Research, 16, 263-274.


F. Personality and Subjective Well-Being

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Diener, E., & Lucas, R. (1999). Personality, and subjective well-being. In Kahneman, D.,

Diener, E. & Schwarz, N. (Eds.) Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology (pp. 213-229). New York: Russell Sage Foundation


Lucas, R. E., Diener, E., Grob, A., Suh, E. M., & Shao, L. (2000). Cross-cultural evidence for

the fundamental features of extraversion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 452-468.


Larsen, R. J., & Diener, E. (1987). Affect intensity as anindividual difference characteristic: A review. Journal of Research in Personality, 21, 1-39.


G. Other Theoretical Work on Subjective Well-Being

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Schimmack, U., Diener, E., & Oishi, S. (2002). Life-satisfaction is a momentary judgment and

a stable personality characteristic: The use of chronically accessible and stable sources. Journal of Personality, 70, 345-384


Diener, E., & Lucas R. (2000). Explaining differences in societal levels of happiness: Relative

standards, need fulfillment, culture, and evaluation theory. Journal of Happiness Studies: An Interdisciplinary Periodical on Subjective Well-Being, 1, 41-78.


Oishi, S., & Diener, E. (2001). Re-examining the general positivity model of subjective

well-being: The discrepancy between specific and global domain satisfaction. Journal of Personality, 69, 641-666.


H. Additional Intriguing Findings

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Diener, E., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Very happy people. Psychological Science, 13, 80 - 83.


Lucas, R. E., Clark, A. E., Georgellis, Y., & Diener, E. (2003). Re-examining adaptation and the

setpoint model of happiness: Reactions to changes in marital status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 527-539.


Diener, E., & Diener, C. (1996). Most people are happy. Psychological Science, 7, 181-185


Diener, E., Biswas-Diener, R., & Vitterso, J. (2003). Most people are happy revisited: The Inughuit, the Amish, and the Maasai. Submitted, Psychological Science.


Diener, E., & Larsen, R. J. (1984). Temporal stability and cross-situational consistency of

affective, behavioral, and cognitive responses. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47,871-883.


Diener, E., Colvin, C. R., Pavot, W. G., & Allman, A. (1991). The psychic costs of intense

positive affect. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 61, 492-503.


Wirtz, D., Kruger, J., Scollon, C. N., & Diener, E. (2002). What to do on spring break? The role

of predicted, online, and remembered experience in future choice. Under revision. Psychological Science.


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